On August 13, 1955, Lamar Smith, 63-year-old farmer and WWI veteran, was shot dead in cold blood on the crowded courthouse lawn in Brookhaven, Mississippi, for urging African Americans to vote in a local run-off election. No one was prosecuted.
Smith, a locally known voting rights advocate affiliated with the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, had been threatened and warned to stop trying to register and organize African American voters in the community. These threats were realized when Smith was murdered on the courthouse lawn in front of dozens of witnesses, including Sheriff Robert E. Case, who permitted one of the alleged assailants to leave the crime scene covered in blood. Days later, that man and two others were arrested in connection with the shooting. All three suspects were white.
In September 1955, a grand jury composed of 20 white men declined to indict the three suspects for murder after witnesses failed to come forward to testify.
Click the link in our story to learn more, including from @keithbeauchamp1955’s documentary, Murder in Black & White: Lamar Smith. .
[Image description: Portrait of Lamar and Annie Clark Smith. Lamar sits on the left in a chair, wearing a suit. Annie Clark stands on the right in a blouse and skirt holding Lamar’s hat in her hands.]
On yesterday’s date, June 8, 1492, Elizabeth Woodville passed away at Bermondsey Abbey.
Elizabeth was the wife and queen consort of King Edward IV, the first Yorkist King of England. Elizabeth and Edward were the parents of future Queen, Elizabeth of York, grandparents of King Henry VIII and great-grandparents of Queen Elizabeth I.
In 1485, Henry Tudor invaded England and defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. As King, Henry VII married Elizabeth of York and had the Titulus Regius ( a statute of the Parliament of England, issued in 1484, by which the title of King of England was given to Richard III,) revoked and all found copies destroyed. Elizabeth Woodville was accorded the title and honours of a queen dowager.
Elizabeth retired to at Bermondsey Abbey on February 12, 1487. Historians differ about why Elizabeth spent the last five years of her life living at the abbey. Some believe that Henry VII forced her retreat from the Court for security or financial reasons, while others, believe she chose to retire voluntarily.
Historian Arlene Okerlund, presents evidence from July 1486 that she was already planning her retirement from court to live a religious, contemplative life at Bermondsey Abbey. Another suggestion is that her retreat to Bermondsey was forced on her because she was in some way involved in the 1487 Yorkist rebellion of Lambert Simnel, or at least was seen as a potential ally of the rebels.
At Bermondsey Abbey, Elizabeth was treated with the respect due to a dowager queen. She lived a regal life on a pension of £400 and received small gifts from Henry VII. She was present at the birth of her granddaughter Margaret at Westminster Palace in November 1489 and at the birth of her grandson, the future Henry VIII, at Greenwich Palace in June 1491. Her daughter Queen Elizabeth of York visited her on occasion at Bermondsey, although one of her other daughters, Cecily of York, visited her more often.
Henry VII briefly contemplated marrying his mother in law to King James III of Scotland, when James III's wife, Margaret of Denmark, died in 1486. However James III was killed in battle in 1488.
Continued in comments⬇️
•Queen Victoria’s Accession•
Otd, June 20, 1837, Princess Alexandrina Victoria learned that she was now the Queen of the United Kingdom.
Her uncle, King William IV, had passed away at 2am that morning at Windsor Castle.
The Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Conyngham were then sent out in a coach to travel to Kensington Palace to inform Victoria that she was now Queen. They arrived at the Palace at 5am, to find the gates locked and the porter cast asleep-so he did not hear their calls. Finally, Victoria still asleep at this point, the porter woke up and lead them into one of the lower rooms. They, again, had to wait a very long time. They rang twice and both times they were asked to wait. Finally, the Duchess of Kent, Queen Victoria’s mother, woke Victoria up at 6am. Victoria was in her nightgown, so she threw on a cotton dressing robe over it. Her mother took Victoria’s hand, for the last time, who escorted her down the dark narrow stairs. Lehzen, Victoria’s governess, walked behind them with smelling salts. Victoria then walked into the room where the Lord and Archbishop were waiting, and closed the door behind her, shutting her mother and Lehzen our. The two men dropped to their knees, and Lord Conyngham informed her that her uncle had died, kissed her hand, and handed her the King’s death certificate. The archbishop then told her that God would be with her. Victoria excused them, and closed the door as she walked out.
Victoria wrote in her diary: “I was awoke at 6 o'clock by Mamma, who told me the Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Conyngham were here and wished to see me. I got out of bed and went into my sitting-room (only in my dressing gown) and alone, and saw them. Lord Conyngham then acquainted me that my poor Uncle, the King, was no more, and had expired at 12 minutes past 2 this morning, and consequently that I am Queen. Lord Conyngham knelt down and kissed my hand, at the same time delivering to me the official announcement of the poor King's demise.” Her first act was to ask for an hour alone. Then she moved her bed out from her mother’s room.
Continued in comments⬇️
•Anne Boleyn’s Coronation: Day 1•
Otd, May 29, 1533, Anne Boleyn’s Coronation celebrations officially began. Today was the day of Anne’s River Pageant, which escorted her from Greenwich Palace to the Tower of London. The pageantry began at 1pm when fifty barges set off from Billingsgate. These barges were sixty to seventy feet long, and were escorted by smaller boats. They were decorated with banners displaying the arms of the companies, streamers, bunting and cloth of gold. Minstrels entertained the fleet. The Mayor’s barge and the bachelors’ barge were filled with musicians, and the bacehlor’s barge was decorated in cloth of gold and silk. It also hadtwo huge banners displaying the arms of the King and Queen, along with streamers and bells. This barge bore the arms of the company of “Haberdashers” and “merchant adventurers”, and on the starboard gunwale were 36 metal shields showing the King’s and Queens arms, which were attached to cloth of gold and silver. Also on this river procession, was a wherry carrying Anne’s falcon badge. Her badge was a crowned, white falcon that stood on a gold tree stump surrounded by white and red roses, and “virgins singing and playing sweetly”. On the front of the Mayor’s barge was another wherry bearing a great dragon which was was “continually moving and casting wildfire”. This dragon was surrounded by “terrible monsters” and “wild men” also casting fire and making “hideous noises”. The barge picked up Anne at Greenwhich Palace at 3pm. She was dressed in cloth of gold. She then boarded her barge and Anne’s ladies boarded a second barge and the King’s guard boarded the King’s barge – Henry was not part of the procession. Courtiers, bishops, and noblemen also boarded three three barges. Some of these men were: the Duke of Suffolk, the Marquess of Dorset, the Earls of Arundel, Derby, Rutland, Worcester, Huntingdon, Sussex and Oxford, and Anne’s father, Thomas Boleyn. Gun salutes welcomed Anne as she made her way along the Thames and, “when she came over against Wapping mills the Tower ‘lousyd their ordinaunce’ most triumphantly, shooting four guns at once.” Continued in comments⬇️
2 weeks ago
DO NOT TOUCH that enchilada no matter how tempting it looks 😤😂 #drakeandjosh
With all the posts today about the anniversary of the 19th Amendment, it is important to remember the long and ongoing fight for full suffrage in the U.S. .
The Voting Rights Act (VRA), signed into law on Aug. 6, 1965, was a victory for the Civil Rights Movement, southern African Americans, and American democracy. It outlawed strategies that had been used by white supremacists to disenfranchise Black citizens and included provisions to facilitate the registration of new voters. Together with the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act ended most legal forms of white supremacy. Although this was important, it did not end all forms of racial discrimination, many of which were—and are—embedded in the structures of our society.
Most textbooks approach history through a top-down lens that gives President Lyndon Johnson, along with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., most of the credit for this important legislation. Both men did play a key role. But the Voting Rights Act came into being through intensive organizing and activism spearheaded by the Black community, including people often marginalized and not seen as central to our society.
It is tempting to think of universal voting rights as a fundamental pillar of our country, but access to the vote has been hard fought and even today we face challenges and rollbacks. Although voting rights have always been essential, they are not a given and do not alone secure equality. The struggle for civil and human rights for all must continue. The untold history of the VRA can inform and strengthen that struggle.
Here are key points missing from most textbooks.
3 hours ago
✠ Die Schlacht bei Gravelotte - St.Privat am 18. August 1870 ✠
Teil l #onthisdayinhistory
Zwei Tage zuvor errungen die Deutschen einen taktischen Sieg bei der Schlacht bei Vionville - Mars la Tour und verwehrten der französischen Rheinarmee unter Marschall Bazaine den Weg nach Verdun. Um den blutig erkauften Sieg auszunutzen und den wahrscheinlichen Abmarsch der französischen Rheinarmee in Richtung Verdun und die Vereinigung mit der Armee MacMahons zu verhindern, musste man die Wege verriegeln um die Rheinarmee zu isolieren. Von Metz aus führten gleich zwei Straßen nach Verdun, eine über Gravelotte, die andere weiter nördlich über St. Privat. Der preußische Generalstabschef von Moltke ließ seine Truppen über Gravelotte nach Norden Marschieren um die beiden Straßen wirksam zu blockieren. Moltkes Plan sah vor die Franzosen von beiden Straßen weg weiter nach Metz zu drängen, um sie dort einzuschliessen. Auf Befehl des Königs zog daher die 1. Armee das VII. und VIII. Korps über die Mosel, die 2. Armee beortderte das Gardekorp und das XII. Armeekorps in den Raum um Mars la Tour, das IX. Korps sollte sich auf den Höhen von Gorze versammeln. Mit dem II. und IV. Korps, die noch zwei Tagesmärsche zurück waren, konnte vorläufig nicht gerechnet werden. Die Stärke des deutschen Heeres im Raum westlich von Metz belief sich auf 188.000 Mann und 732 Geschütze. Auf Weisung Moltkes wurde zusätzlich das II. Korps vom östlichen Moselufer herangeführt, das noch am Abend der Schlacht die Gesamtstärke auf etwa 209.000 Mann erhöhte. Die Stärke der Franzosen belief sich auf 131.000 Mann und 520 Geschütze. #french#prussia#francoprussianwar#army#soldier#imperialgermanarmy#military #🇩🇪 #prussian#weapon#historyinpictures#warhistory#germansoldier#militaryhistory#battleoffrance#metz#reichseinigungskriege #france🇫🇷 #history #deutschfranzösischerkrieg #preußen #germanarmy#kaiserreich#deutschesreich#weapons#imperialgermany#colorart#onthisday#battleofgravelotte
On This Day in Herstory, August 18th 1911, Amelia Boynton Robinson, known as the “matriarch of the voting rights movement,” was born in Savannah, Georgia.
Formidable Female Fact: As a child, she helped with the women’s suffrage movement; she and her mother traveled to rural towns to hand out leaflets that advocated for the vote. The vote remained important to Amelia, she spent decades attempting to register Black voters in Alabama; a nearly task due to poll exams that were meant to deter Black voters.
Amelia regularly used her home as a meeting place for civil rights leaders in the area. It was here that they planned the Selma-to-Montgomery marches to demand the right to register to vote.
On August 6th 1965, Amelia was invited to the White House for the signing of the Voting Rights Act into federal law. Before the passage of the Act, Selma had a population that was more than 50% black, yet only had 300 registered black voters, by March 1966 Selma had more than 11,000 registered black voters.
5 hours ago
1)Дворец Мафра – является одним из самых грандиозных дворцов-монументов в Европе. Дворец построен в стиле барокко королем Португалии Жуаном V. В то время он был самым богатым европейским королем, благодаря золоту из Бразилии.На него было потрачено не мало средств и времени, не считая того что его строили 13 лет.Комнаты и коридоры просто потрясающие.Но в данный момент закрыто много комнат в которые не пускают людей. И нету всей мебели ,картин,ковров и посуды так как большую часть вывезли в Бразилию.Спасаясь от войны с Наполеоном.
2)Церковь при замке.В внутри она просто потрясающая в ней есть органы,завараживающие скульптуры.
4)Комната принадлежала Педру V.Декор комнаты отражает романтизм 19 века. Зал также называли Красным или зал Ожидания, именно здесь гости ожидали приглашения в зал Музыки, где их принимала королевская семья.
6)Жёлтая комната или комната музыки.
7)Зал игр в ней есть бильярд.Но и есть настольная игра что за игра я таа и не поняла.Но явно не настольный футбол.
8)Охотничий зал его внешний вид говорит все за себя. Жалко оленей.
9)Библиотека очень огромная,к сажелению по ней гулять нельзя так как живут летучие мыши. И чтобы люди их не тривожили можно просто посмотреть не гуляя по ней.
10)Одна из кухонь. На каждом этаже и крыле были свои кухни. А так же есть ещё много всего интересного в нем.
##историяпортугалии #история #интересныефакты #интереснаяжизнь #путешествуйснами #замок #мафра #traveloregon#travel#travel2019#historic#thisdayinhistory#onthisdayinhistory#mafra#mafraportugal#2019#2019year
#onthisday in 1905, the first baby in Las Vegas was born.
Named Genevieve by her parents John and Mary Virginia Lytle, her birth was proudly announced in the Las Vegas Age newspaper: "The first baby to the credit of this struggling little desert city came to the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Lytle last Friday afternoon, Aug. 18. It was a lusty girl babe, weighing eight and one half pounds. Mother and child are both doing well, while Dad Lytle goes about with the expression of one well pleased with himself and the world in general."
Alas, as we did our research as to what happened to Genevieve, we found that she died of whooping cough in Overton, just a few days shy of her second birthday. Whooping cough was at the time the seventh biggest killer disease in the US according to the Mortality Statistics 1908 issued by the Dept. of Commerce and Labor.
Here are the articles that appeared in the Las Vegas Age in 1905 and 1907.. #lasvegas#lasvegashistory#babies#otd#onthisdayinhistory#newspaper
June 30th, 1931, in La Seyne, France an ocean liner is launched for Messegaries-Maritimes, her name is Aramis. She weighs in at 17,573 tons, has a length of 566 ft and can make 15 knots. Aramis begins her maiden voyage on October 21st, 1932 heading out from Marseille, stopping at Djibouti, then Colombo, Saigon, Hong Kong, Shanghai, and finally Kobe. Aramis’ civilian career went on very well, except for running aground in the Chuzan Islands on June 22nd, 1933. In 1935 to 1936, Aramis underwent a major refit which saw her given a new bow, lengthening the ship somewhat, and new engines that gave her a new speed of 19 knots. For the remainder of the interwar years she served peacefully, however trouble came in September of 1939. War with Germany saw Aramis sail for Saigon where arms were specially stored for her and she underwent conversion to an armed merchant cruiser; now armed with eight 5.4 inch and two 3 inch guns and has the designation “XI”. With not much shipping to intercept, her service as a warship isn’t too eventful. Aramis did, however, capture the Soviet freighter Selenga off Hong Kong in March of 1940 which would be held till France surrenders later that year. Only boarding a Norwegian tanker in May as her last notable act as a warship, Aramis will be disarmed and made to continue civilian service in August. Going forward some years, it’s April 12th, 1942 and Japan seizes Aramis under the Right of Angary (which permits the requisitioning of any neutral nation’s property if in a belligerent’s territory in short), the owners of Aramis being compensated financially while under Japanese control. After being registered and converted in Yokosuka, Aramis is renamed Teia Maru. Her first voyage under this name is in June where she acts as a POW ship with 569 onboard. In November Teia Maru is officially requisitioned by the Imperial Japanese Navy. Her movements aren’t known till September of 1943 where she participates with the Second Japanese-American Exchange Voyage, carrying 80 repatriates. Another voyage in late September sees another 270 repatriates out of the Philippines; this includes women, children, and religious figures. ((Continues below👇👇👇))
8 hours ago
On 18 August 1830 (189 years ago), the later-emperor Franz Joseph I was born in Vienna. He was the longest reigning Emperor of Austria as well as King of Hungary. Most of the audiences during his almost 68 years of reign, were held in his main residence, Hofburg Palace, the political centre of the Habsburg monarchy. #OTD#onthisdayinhistory#vienna#wien#austria #österreich #visitvienna#habsburg#hofburgpalace
August 17, 1940
#OTD Walter Chrysler, American automotive industry executive and founder of Chrysler Corporation, now a part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles. Chrysler was born in Wamego, Kansas, the son of Anna Maria (née Breymann) and Henry Chrysler. He grew up in Ellis, Kansas, where today his boyhood home is a museum. His father was born in Chatham, Ontario in 1850 and immigrated to the United States after 1858. A Freemason, Chrysler began his career as a machinist and railroad mechanic in Ellis. He took correspondence courses from International Correspondence Schools in Scranton, Pennsylvania, earning a mechanical degree from the correspondence program. (Born: 1875), dies on this day in Kings Point, New York, U.S., aged 65.