This Frontier Battalion photo has been widely circulated; you’ll see it on postcards, t-shirts, even walls of restaurants. I like this classic photo because it was taken either before or after the famous 1892 shoot-out in Shafter, Texas, where the Texas Rangers had been sent to protect a silver mine. (Standing, from left) Robert “Bob” Speaks and Jim Putman. (Seated, from left) Alonzo Van “Lon” Oden and John R. Hughes. Ira Aten had recommended Hughes to the Texas Rangers after Hughes ably assisted him in the 1886 pursuit of murderer Wes Colliers.
— Courtesy Robert G. McCubbin Collection —
Dr. John McLoughlin served as chief factor at the British Canadian Hudson's Bay Company's Fort Vancouver from 1824-1845, located at present-day Vancouver, Washington, USA.
Dr. McLoughlin was often mistaken for and addressed as governor during a time when the British and Americans had yet to decide among themselves who had the right to take what we now know as the Pacific Northwest from its native inhabitants, and the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) was the strongest Western institution in the region.
People joked that HBC actually stood for Here Before Christ and ruled the fur trade and the rich market for beaver pelts during Dr. McLoughlin's tenure.
Now recognized as the Father of Oregon, Dr. McLoughlin was a little too charitable to American emigrants on the Oregon Trail for interests of superiors, and he severed ties with HBC in 1845, moved to Oregon City, where he became mayor in 1851. Dr. McLoughlin was known as the White Eagle to Native people of the region and is portrayed here by Dr. Doug Neeley, a more recent former mayor of Oregon City. He stands outside the replica of Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, now operated by the US National Parks Service.
Traditional lands of the Chinook and Cowlitz people.