a portrait of an Edwardian woman, tagged Mrs. Elliot or a female relative, circa 1902. 🖤
photo from the Museum of the City of New York, USA
16 hours ago
The undulating maritime landscape of North Down has been watched over for more than a century by the Londonderry Monument, commonly known as Scrabo Tower. The tower was erected in 1857 and is a marked replica of some of the Scottish watch-towers, which were built along the border that played a part in the forays of long ago.
The name Scrabo is said to come from the Gaelic words for a cow pasture. This turreted tower, as it stands today, was built on a site 540 feet above sea level and is 125 feet (41 metres) high. The walls are over a metre thick and the entire building is constructed of stone from Scrabo Hill. The walls are of the dark dolerite rock, which forms the summit of the hill, while the roof, stairs, quoins and window dressings are of Scrabo sandstone.
▪Cabeça do rei Tutankhamon, que foi removida do seu corpo para facilitar a retirada da famosa máscara mortuária, que se encontrava colada no crânio devido ao óleos e resinas utilizados na embalsamação.
▪King Tutankhamun's head was removed from his body to facilitate removal of the famous death mask, which was glued to the skull because of the oils and resins used in embalming. #egypt#ancientegypt#arqueology#history
TUNIS : RUINS OF CARTHAGE
A wonderful 3000 years old place to visit ! It was first called " Punic Carthage", the heritage of the Queen Elyssa, also known as Didon. The place where Hannibal came from. A place that was destroyed and rebuilt by Julius Caesar to become "Roman Carthage" which was A major breadbasket of the empire.
It was breathtakingly beautiful!
15 hours ago
#LostinGhana 🇬🇭 @feykamson roaming freely in the streets of Cape Coast💕 Cape Coast Castle is one of about forty "slave castles", built on the Gold Coast of Ghana. They were used to hold slaves before they were loaded onto ships and sold in the Americas. This "gate of no return" was the last stop before crossing the Atlantic Ocean... #history#ghana#lostinafrica
Iglesia del Temple
Built by the Templars, XII
Fleet Street and River Thames
• • • • • •
French soldiers testing flamethrowers at Verdun, 1916.
The idea of the flamethrower originates back to the 5th century B.C., but was used extensively in combat for the first time during the First World War.
The Germans were the first to realize its potential and had already developed 2 flamethrowers by 1911: Kleinflammenwerfer (Small flamethrower) and Grossflammenwerfer (Big flamethrower).
The small one could be carried by one man and could spew fire up to 18 m. The big one was much heavier and needed two men to operate, but could fire twice as far as the smaller model, and could sustain flames for up to 40 seconds, which was impressive at the time.
Although flamethrowers were first used against the French in October 1914, the first notable use came on July 30, 1915 at Hooge near Ypres against the British.
The Germans managed to push the British back to their second trench line, though the fear this weapon brought to the enemy soldiers was more significant than the territorial gains. Burning to death was soon considered one of the most terrible and cruel ways to die.
Flamethrowers were afterwards frequently used by the Germans, usually to clearing out the enemy's frontline trenches before an infantry attack. The Allies also adopted the weapon.
But the weapon itself wasn't very practical; it was extremely effective at clearing out trenches, but it was a rare event for an operator to be close to the enemy's trenches; not being shot beforehand.
The operater was slow and had to get through barbed wire and enemy fire before being able to utilize his flamethrower.
To increase the chance of an operator getting near the enemy trenches the Germans used flamethrower squads consisting of 12 soldiers, with 2 groups with flamethrowers and 4 hand-grenade throwers.
The soldiers in their trenches also provided covering machine-gun- and grenade-launcher fire while the flamethrower squad advanced.
Flamethrowers became one of the most feared aspects for the soldiers, today having a deep spot within the legacy of the First World War.