Scientists of the Zoological Survey of India have discovered two new species of freshwater fish from the north-eastern and northern parts of the country. Both fish are equipped with special morphological features to suit rapid water flow.
Glyptothorax gopii: 🐠Glyptothorax gopii is a new species of catfish found in Mizoram’s Kaladan river. 🐠It measures 63 mm standard length without caudal fin, is dark brown on its dorsal surface, and its ventral surface is of a yellowish-light brown. 🐠It has been named to celebrate the contribution of taxonomist K.C. Gopi. 🐠It has an axe-shaped anterior nuchal plate (bone below dorsal fin), which makes it distinct from other species of the genus Glyptothorax. 🐠The elliptical thoracic adhesive apparatus and plicae (folds of tissue) present on the ventral surfaces of the pectoral-fin spine help the fish cling to rocks.
Garra simbalbaraensis: 🐠Garra simbalbaraensis was found in Himachal Pradesh’s Simbalbara river. 🐠It measures 69 mm standard length without caudal fin and has a yellowish-grey colour fading ventrally. 🐠It takes its name from the Simbalbara river. 🐠It has a prominent unilobed and rounded proboscis with tubercles that help the fish in manoeuvrability.
The Supreme Court has cleared the Chardham highway project, which will connect four holy places of Uttarakhand through 900-km all-weather roads.
Chardham Yatra (of Uttarakhand)? ✅Location: In the great Himalayas in Uttarakhand, the four pilgrim-destinations namely Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath are collectively known as Chardham. ✅Route: Traditionally, this pilgrimage tour should begin from the West and end in the East. Thus, the Char Dham Yatra commences from Yamunotri, then proceeding to Gangotri and finally to Kedarnath and Badrinath. ✅Deities covered: Each of these four sites is devoted to a specific deity. ✅Yamunotri is dedicated to the Goddess ‘Yamuna’. Yamunotri stands high up in the deep left on the western face of the Bandarpunch Peak. ✅Gangotri is dedicated to Goddess ‘Ganga’. The shrine overlooks the River Bhagirathi. ✅Kedarnath is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is also a part of the Panch Kedar. It is the northern-most Jyotirlinga and is close to the source of the holy River Mandakini. ✅Badrinath is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It is situated on the bank of the River Alaknanda. ✅In accordance with the Hindu conventions, thousands of devotees take up this pious tour in the hope to experience bliss and successfully purge their souls of all worldly demons.